Natural Sciences.

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Natural Sciences.

For another thing, the same ideas which lay at the root of the falling death rate and in particular the infantile mortality rate were having their effect in every other field.

To follow the whole history of this change would take us a long way off the track, for it began over two hundred years before our period and was little, if at all, concerned with economics.

But ever since the Renaissance there had been a great growth of curiosity about physical science; men had been thinking and experimenting, Galileo, Newton, and other great scientists had been making discoveries, and more and more, as time went on, people were beginning to realize that knowledge of scientific phenomena could be turned to account in all sorts of practical ways.

It now seemed right and natural, instead of impious and unnatural as it would have done two hundred years earlier, to look for ways of harnessing the power of nature to do men's work for them.

Read more - Merchant Adventurers V. Hansards

Population Growth

What, then, were these changes? For one thing, the nation was growing. There was no Census before 1801, so earlier totals are not very reliable; but it is fairly clear that after creeping slowly upward for many centuries to somewhere under 5 millions the population had suddenly, almost within a generation, started to climb rapidly. From 1700 to 1750 the figures go up a full million - a good 20 per cent. In the next half-century the movement speeded up astonishingly, and by 1801 there were - as nearly as can be ascertained-8,892,000 inhabitants of England and Wales. By 1820 the 1750 population had doubled.Population Growth

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